The following scientific research articles and references were used in developing the IsoLove products, as well as the information provided on this site.
Shen, Ruizhong, et al. Early HIV-1 Target Cells in Human Vaginal and Ectocervical Mucosa. Am J Reprod Immunol. 2011 March; 65(3): 261-267.
World Health Organization Advisory Note. Use and procurement of additional lubricants for male and female condoms. WHO/UNFPA/FHI360, 2012.
Adriaens E and Remon JP. Mucuosal irritation potential of personal lubricants relates to product osmolality as detected by the slug mucuosal irritation assay. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 200, 35:512-516.
Fuchs EJ, Lee LA, Torbenson MS, et al. Hyperosmolar sexual lubricant causes epithelial damage in the distal colon: potential implication for HIV transmission. Journal of Infections Disease, 2007; 195: 703-10.
Martin Jenny L and Sten H Vermund. Vaginal Douching: Evidence for Risks or Benefits to Women’s Health. Epidemiol Rev. 2002; 24(2): 109-124.
Cottrell BH. An updated review of evidence to discourage douching. MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs. 2010 Mar-Apr; 35(2):1027-7.
Branch, et al. Vaginal douching and racial/ethnic disparities in phthalates exposures among reproductive-aged women: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2004. Environmental Health, 2015 1-8.
Womenshealth.gov. Office on Women’s Health, US Department of Health and Human Services. Douching fact sheet.